Threatened Heritage Sites

In February 24, 2016
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The following properties include sites protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975 and/or The Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985 and/or by the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1972. Sites are included in the list on the basis of having cultural, architectural and historic significance and thereby protected under Article 22 and Section 11 of the National Antiquities Act 1975 and/or The Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985 respectively which state that no new construction can happen within 200ft of a listed property. The Orange Train alignment from Chauburji to Shalimar passes through the most historic areas of the city oblivious to the required diatance specified by the World Heritage Convention, ICOMOS guidelines and Pakistani law.

Impacts have been assessed using the NESPAK plan (16th Sept 2015), the NORINCO Technical Report, construction markings on sites as well as ongoing construction. No revised plans have been released to the public by the Government of the Punjab.

11 sites are temporarily protected by a stay on construction within 200’, issued by the Lahore High Court.

The sites being affected are listed as follows:

1. Shalimar Gardens: Circa 1642, protected under UNESCO World Heritage Convention and the National Antiquities Act 1975.

 Impact: Possible structural damage due to vibrations   during construction and ongoing damage post construction. Obstructed view, reduced access, noise. Compromised environment in the garden, with garish views of the concrete viaduct. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct.

The Shalimar Hydraulic Works are 7’ away from the pile foundation, the track itself will be directly above this part of the monument. The height of the elevated track at the site is 56’

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order. ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. Stay Violations have been documented and submitted to the court. The case is ongoing

2. Gulabi Bagh Gateway, Dai Anga, Saruwala Maqbara

integrated site: Circa 1655- the early 18th century. These three sites constitute a continuous heritage property. Protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975.

Impact: Possible structural damage due to vibrations during construction and ongoing damage post construction. Obstructed views, reduced access. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct.

Gulabi Bagh Gateway (Circa 1655) is 58’ from the foundation of the bridge pile, the elevated track is less than 30 ft’ from the monument. The height of the elevated track at site is approx. 50’.

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. The case is ongoing

3. Buddhu ka Awa: Circa 17th century, protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975.

Impact: Possible structural damage due to vibrations during construction and ongoing damage post construction . Obstructed view, restricted access. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct. The elevated track is less than 30’ distance from the monument. Track height at site approx. 50’.

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. Stay Violations have observed at site. Construction workers are also reportedly housed inside the monument.

4. Chauburji: Circa 1646, protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975.

Impact: Endangered by Project during construction phase as well as further traffic, vibration and noise stresses post construction. Possible structural damage, obstructed views, restricted access.Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct.

The Chauburji monument is 50’ away from the pile foundation, the track itself will be less than 30’ away from the monument. The height of the elevated track at this point is 36’+

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. Stay Violations have been documented and submitted to the court. The case is ongoing

5. Zebunnisa’s Tomb: Circa 1669, protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975.

Impact: Further Obstructed view, compromised vistas, reduced access. Orange Train Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct.

Zebunissa’s Tomb is less than 100’ distance from the track. The height of the track at this point is 36’+

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. The case is ongoing

6. Mauj Darya Shrine: Circa 1591 (sign at site reads 1533). By Imperial Commission by Emperor Akbar, and the saint interred in 1604. Active site of Worship. Protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975 and the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 (Right to Worship an religious minorities protections)

Impact: Demolished as per NESPAK plan Sept 2015. Construction technology used at site: Cut and Cover.

After recent protests the government has provided verbal reassurances that the shrine/grave itself will not be touched, however by the Government’s own admission Mauj Darya mosque (later date) will be demolished. Mauj Darya mosque is 5’ away from Mauj Darya Shrine. Mauj Darya Shrine may fall during the demolition of the adjacent mosque or during track construction. The Shrine complex (courtyard and secondary graves) is being demolished. No revised plans have been released to the public.

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. Demolitions of structures within the 200’ limit is being undertaken by householders who have been coerced to vacate by the GOP by provision of varying compensation amounts, and consistent threats. This community consists of historic Mauj Darya devotees. The GOP is in violation of the The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in multiple areas. UN Housing and UN Cultural Rights have taken note.

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. The case is ongoing.

7. Mauj Darya Mosque: Date unknown. Protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975 by a High Court Order of 28 January 2016

This structure is 5’ from Mauj Darya Shrine and comprises one wall of the shrine courtyard, the exact date is unknown.

Impact:   Demolished. Orange Train construction technology used at site: Cut and Cover

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site. The case is ongoing.

8. Shah Chiragh: Shrine, Mosque and Garden. Circa 1627. Active Site of Worship. Protected under Antiquities Act 1975 and the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 (Right to Worship, and religious minorities protections)

Impact: Damage to the monument during vibrations during the construction period and the complete loss of Shah Chiragh Garden. Further impact is un-assessed however the Shrine 15’-20’ from the underground Central Station and close to the track on the Nabha Rd side. Construction Technology used at site: Cut and Cover.

Post construction, exit/entry and ventilation structures will be positioned in the Garden itself or in close proximity to it.

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site. The case is ongoing.

9. Mominpura Graveyard: Pre-Mughal graveyard of specific importance to Lahore’s Shia community. Protected under the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 (Right to Worship, and religious minorities protections)

Impact: Losing area/graves, compromised security and privacy, visual impairment, added noise. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct and Lakshmi Station (elevated). Height of track at site: 36’+. Height of Station at maximum point 56’

After public protests the government has recently provided verbal reassurances to the Shia Community that the graveyard will not be touched. However no revised plans have been released to the public

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order as a religious minorities sacred site. The case is ongoing.

10. Mahabat Khan Garden, Cenotaph and wall. 17th century Protected by The National Antiquities Act 1975.

Impact: Further Obstructed view, compromised vistas, reduced access. Orange Train Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct.

The site is marginally within 200’ of the track alignment. The height of the track at this point is 36’

11. Old EFU House: Colonial. Protected by the Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985

Impact: Possible structural damage. Within zone of influence of construction and approx 25’ from Central Station and semi-underground section of track. Orange Train Construction Technology used at site: Cut and Cover.

12. Lahore High Court: Circa 1889, protected under Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985.

Impact: Losing front parking lot due to underground Central Station. It will have permanent exit/entry and ventilation structures post construction.

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site.

13. General Post Office: Circa 1849, protected under Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985.

Impact: as per NESPAK plan Sept 2015. The GPO veranda on Nabha road is being cut by half; front lawn, and porch are also being demolished for Central Station and track construction. Construction technology used at site: Cut and Cover

After public protests the Government has verbally stated that the GPO building will not be touched, it has however stated that the uncovered part of the property (garden and access route) will be utilized. Trees, fountain, wall and driveway will be destroyed during construction. Post construction Central Station exit and entry structures will be permanently positioned within the GPO grounds less than 20’ from the building. The main gate will be moved 20’ permanently destroying the access and alignment of the GPO porch and drive.

No revised plans have been released to the public

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site. The case is ongoing.

14. Lakshmi Mansions: Circa 1935, Protected under Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985

Impact: Possible structural damage during construction including possible collapse of the front facade. Obstructed view, reduced access post construction as well as ongoing structural damage from vibration. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct. The Lakshmi building is 30’ distance from the pile foundation, the track itself will be less than 20’ distance from the monument. The height of the elevated track at this point is 36’

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the monument. Stay Violations have been documented and submitted to the court. The case is ongoing

15. Jain Mandir and Historic Precinct: The Jain Mandir ruins are protected under the National Antiquities Act 1975.

Impact and Status: The historic precinct is largely demolished. Demolition is within a few feet of the Jain Mandir remains. Technology used at site: Cut and Cover

16. Andrews Presbytarian Church. Circa 1860. Active site of worship. Implied protection under the National Antiquities Act 1975. Protected under the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 (Right to Worship and minorities protections)

Impact: Demolished as per NESPAK plan Sept 2015. Construction technology used at site: Cut and Cover.

The Government has provided verbal assurances to the Christian community that the Church will not be demolished. No revised plan has been released to the public.

17. Aiwan-e-Auqaf Building: Colonial. 19th Protected under the Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985.

Impact: Uncertain, but very close proximity to the Central Station and less than 30’ from the semi underground section of track. Technology used at site: Cut and Cover

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site. The case is ongoing.

18. Aiwan-e-Auqaf Bagh: Colonial. 19th Protected under the Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985.

Impact: Being demolished to make way for the underground Central Station. Technology used at site: Cut and Cover

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site. The case is ongoing.

19. Supreme Court Registry Building: Colonial. 19th Protected under Punjab Special Premises Preservation Ordinance, 1985.

Impact: Uncertain, however track alignment abuts next to it. Technology used at site: Cut and Cover

Currently protected by a High Court Stay Order ; the stay order halts construction within 200’ of the site. The case is ongoing.

20. Naulakha Presbyterian Church: Circa 1853. Implied protection under the National Antiquities Act 1975. Protected under the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 (Right to Worship and religious minorities protections)

Impact: Losing front wall and trees and grounds. Compromised viability and security. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct. Height of track at this point: 36’

21. Cathedral Church of the Resurrection: Circa 1887. Protected under Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985 and the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 (Right to Worship and religious minorities protections)

Impact: As per NESPAK plan Sept 2015, land is being taken from Cathedral grounds for a Pumping Station, in close proximity to the Cathedral itself. No revised plan has been provided to the public

22. Delhi Milestone on McLeod Road: Protected under Punjab Special Premises Preservation Ordinance 1985.

Already removed or destroyed by construction crews. Whereabouts unknown.

23. Undeclared Heritage Corridor Nicholson Road: Colonial building heritage stock.

Impact: Demolition, visual impairment, compromised privacy and environmental degradation.

Loss of trees and historic vegetation. Technology used: Elevated Viaduct and Railway Station Station (elevated). Height of track at this point is 36’. Elevated station height at maximum point 56’  

Status: Significant building stock and historic vegetation are already lost to demolition crews.

24. Undeclared Heritage Corridor McLeod Road: Pre-Mughal (Mominpura)-Colonial building heritage stock.Unique and remaining few pre-partition Art Deco buildings such as Rattan Cinema (circa 1940) are threatened.

Impact: Demolition, visual impairment, compromised privacy, amplified traffic acoustics. Loss of trees and historic vegetation. Orange Train Technology used :Elevated Viaduct and Lakshmi Station (elevated). Height of track at this point is 36’. Elevated station height at maximum point 56’

Status: Significant building stock and historic vegetation are already lost to demolition crews. Some portions of Mcleod Rd are currently protected by a High Court Stay Order. The case is ongoing.

25. Undeclared Heritage Cluster – Purani Anarkali & Kapurthala House: 18-19th century. Colonial building heritage stock.Unique and remaining few pre-partition Art Deco buildings and others. Largely demolished.

26. PIA Planetarium: 20th century. Protected under the Punjab Special Premises (Preservation) Ordinance 1985.

Impact: Being Demolished. Technology used at site: Elevated Viaduct

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